Ladies and gentlemen and friends. Banyan trees, water wharf, communal house roof are images that always make each person born and raised in the Northern Delta feel dear and close. The communal house is the common roof of the whole community, once closely attached and witnessed all the joys and sorrows in people’s lives. The communal house is not only the image of the homeland, but also the pride of each person, because it is an architectural work showing the talent and ingenuity of the carvers. A spacious and majestic communal house represents the prosperous material and spiritual life of the whole village. We invite you and your friends to admire the sophisticated folk carvings of the communal house in today’s article of Ngoc Duong Bamboo Blinds .
Communal house of Gie Thuong village
Simple or sophisticated, it is the place to organize festivals, holidays or common activities of the whole village. And it’s also the place that brings everyone in the village together. The communal house roof is the traditional village culture of the Vietnamese people. Rich villages build large, solid communal houses, with sophisticated carving stations, while poor villages are built more simply, but still characterize the soul and cultural character of each village.
The function of the old village communal house is the administrative function, the conventions, the laws, the great decisions on the issues of the village are held in meetings under the roof.
The communal house also has a religious function, the communal house is a place to worship the village’s tutelary god, possibly loyalists and soldiers who have contributed to the country, also known as the Human God, or the gods in legend. The communal house of the traditional craft villages, in addition to worshiping the village god, can also worship the craft ancestors, who have contributed to the development and development of traditional crafts for the villagers.
Vietnamese village communal house
In addition, the communal house is also a gathering place for festivals and cults, where folk games, cultural and artistic activities of the village take place. That is why, right from the communal house yard, many unique folk art forms such as Chèo in the communal house, Singing at the communal house.
According to Dr. Vu Ngoc Mai – Researcher of folklore, the communal house is a place of community activities, a place to carry out daily, administrative and village activities, as well as a place for thought transfer. of the feudal state to Huong village. At the same time, the communal house is also a place to practice the spiritual functions of the village. Therefore, all the resources, potentials, talents, souls, and wisdom of the Vietnamese villagers are concentrated in the communal house.
Therefore, the communal house is not only beautiful, large, and superficial, but also must be placed in the right direction, in the right coordinates, in the right feng shui, because the communal house becomes the nucleus where the air gathers, the spirit gathers, the place brings vitality to the people. whole village.
With such an important role and multi-functionality, the communal house is joined by the people to create a beautiful appearance, represented by artistic carvings, therefore, the village communal house becomes the become a place to store precious sculptures, reflecting contemporary social reality. Sculpture also exists in pagodas, temples, and other religious structures. But nowhere is it expressed as clearly as in Dinh Lang.
The sculptures reveal all that farmers love, wish for and expect. This is a source of material for many scientific and artistic disciplines for later research.
Ancient communal house
In the book exploring the history of Vietnamese architecture by Ngo Huy Quynh, it was said, If architecture reflects a development stage of construction technology, architectural decoration deeply reflects social thought, and aesthetic level of that era. However, the characteristics of each era are not independent separation, but the inheritance of the nation’s source throughout history.
The development of sculpture and communal house architecture is due to the need for development and perfection of the cultural life of Vietnamese villages, the architectural form of the communal house, the life of the communal house is the piece of land that gives rise to the sculptural background. carvings of the communal house with a distinct character in the history of Vietnamese art
In general, communal house sculpture art in the Northern Delta developed in its first steps in the 16th century, reached its peak in the 17th century, and stagnated and matured in the 18th century. and decline in the 19th century. It can be said that the multifaceted value left by communal communal house sculpture is concentrated in the heritage of communal house sculpture in the 16th and 17th centuries. Communal communal house sculpture in these two centuries represents the classics. the best model for all sculpture art in the Northern Delta.
The village communal house sculpture has a high aesthetic value, the communal house worker must not only be proficient in building the communal house, but also have skillful sculpting skills to adorn the communal house more beautifully, so the sculpture here is associated with the communal house. With architecture, almost all the components of the Village Communal House Architecture are sculpted by ancient artisans into models of high artistic value that attract people’s attention when visiting the communal house.
Through sophisticated carvings, folk artisans skillfully breathe life into inanimate logs and rocks, making them no longer simply objects, but become messengers of history. These identities are precious wordless documents that reflect the process of interference and assimilation of values in all aspects of life, from economy and politics to culture, beliefs and religions. old.
The ancients carved and inlaid the trusses, beams and partitions of the communal house in a grandiose and sophisticated way. Each blow and truss of Dinh is a floating painting of all themes and patterns with a fairly new freedom. Therefore, the topics in the communal house carving station are extremely diverse and rich.
The culture of the old village communal house
If during the period of Confucianism, the topics were limited to the feudal standards of the Four Spirits, the Four Quarters, the wine gourds, and the poetry bags were quite foreign to the peasants, there was also a period when the images were familiar. A part of rural life goes into sculpture naturally, soulfully and strangely beautiful.
The communal houses from the 16th to the 17th centuries, decorative sculptures of village communal houses are steeped in folk art. Anonymous sculptors from farmers have brought into the communal house images that are close to real life, or even their dreams, with a very unique style and a very vibrant soul. floating.
In addition to the typical architecture of the communal house, the gate of the northern countryside , the shapes and lines are shown in the carved arrays, making it easy to see a whole vivid world of flowers, plants, trees and flowers. Familiar animals such as Elephants, tigers and pigs are harmoniously interwoven with the silhouettes of noble animals such as the flexible and soft phoenix dragon. These majesty and powerful mascots, when appearing in sculptures, were simplified to become dragons, mother dragons and children, mandarins, phoenixes dancing and singing, and soon harmonized with all species.
Unlike other religious architectures, even in the sacred places of the communal house, we can also see the image of a couple joking around or having love, Human life is depicted very vividly. , the human image goes into beautiful and solemn sculpture. Rural life appears simple with daily chores such as plowing, chopping wood or joyfully excited with festive and popular activities, from tug of war, rowing, cockfighting, wrestling to dancing. sing.
Union Communal House
Lien Hiep – Phuc Tho Communal House in Hanoi is a communal house representing the art of communal house sculpture in the 17th century, the characters are represented according to the concept of folk shaping rich in symbolic and conventional qualities. No need to look like the real thing, don’t care about the proportions as long as the spirit of the character is transmitted. However, the whole work is a harmonious, balanced and reasonable in terms of layout, shapes and lines. Even orthodox topics such as sacred animals in the four spirits, such as dragons and phoenixes become normal and close.
Sculpture of Ha Hiep communal house
Not only reflecting daily life, folk carvings in the village communal house, but also expressing the dream of a peaceful and happy life, at the same time, these joyful and beautiful activities are also a proof of the joy of living in the village. believe in love in life, optimistic spirit under the difficult days of life. The peasant artists used many artistic tricks in their carvings, all details were simply omitted and focused on describing the activities and movements of the characters such as: chess, dance, boat racing show the peaceful and rustic life of farmers.
Diem Communal House in Bac Ninh
Dinh Diem in Bac Ninh is a famous ancient communal house built in 1692, located majestically on a high stone foundation on a large scale. The communal house is built in the style of Cong and Tien, including 5 compartments 17.5 m long, 14.9 m wide, the tail part is 6.8 m long and 9 m wide.
Since ancient times, Dinh Diem has been ranked as the first and second class in the region, the characteristics of the west-facing pagoda and the south-facing communal house of Kinh Bac region further prove the ancient and orderly nature of Diem village. The highlight of Dinh Diem is its exquisite and splendid architectural art and carvings. Specifically, the hammock door of the communal house is shown extremely sophisticatedly and sophisticatedly by ancient folk artisans with layers of pattern details creating an impressive hammock door unmatched by any village communal house. .
The architecture of the frilled house
Communal House Fine Arts , is a polity that includes many elements, reflecting the historical process of Vietnamese fine arts from the 16th to the 19th centuries, the early 20th century. Viet, expressing the soul and feelings of Vietnamese people through hundreds of years of history.
If you are interested in the article The Gate of the North Country Village , please read the article here
The art of village communal house carving is the eternal and eternal crystallization of the Vietnamese nation, which is the authentic writing, the philosophical message left by our ancestors for future generations.
To sum up, the art of carving, sculpture, architecture and folk painting in the village communal house has made great contributions to Vietnamese culture. It has the weight, and conviction, of the creative arts that contribute to world art. Therefore, the communal house is not only the pride of each Village, but also the pride of Vietnamese Culture
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Source : Nhan Dan Newspaper